Mauritania hosts over 89,000 Malian refugees (as of October 2022) in the arid south-east region of Bassikounou, where M’bera camp is located. Malian refugees continue to arrive in Mauritania and, due to the volatile security situation in Mali, large-scale returns are not expected in the immediate future.
UNHCR and WFP began working on joint targeting in 2018, partly due to reducing budgets, with the aim of shifting to a needs-based approach for the delivery of basic needs assistance (food and non-food, both cash and in-kind). As a result of this targeting exercise, the ration size for food assistance was adjusted according to vulnerability, with refugees who were considered less vulnerable receiving half rations, while the most vulnerable continued to receive full rations.
The full report is available here.